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React Component Evolution: Class vs. Functional in Modern Development

FardaKarimov 42

React components are reusable pieces of code that can be used to compose complex user interfaces. React components can be defined using two different syntaxes: class components and function components. In this article, we will discuss the differences between these two approaches and provide code examples for each.

Class Components

Class components in React are defined as ES6 classes that extend the React.Component base class. They have a render method that returns a React element. Here's an example:

In the example above, we define a Welcome class component that takes a name prop and renders a greeting message. The this.props object is used to access the props passed to the component.

Class components can also have state, which is managed using the setState method. Here's an example:

In the example above, we define a Counter class component that has a count state and a handleClick method that updates the state when the user clicks on the "Increment" button. The state is accessed using this.state and updated using the this.setState method.

Class components also have access to the component lifecycle methods, which are methods that are called at different stages of the component’s lifecycle, such as when the component is mounted or updated. Some common lifecycle methods include componentDidMount, componentDidUpdate, and componentWillUnmount.

Function Components

Function components in React are defined as JavaScript functions that take props as input and return a React element. Here’s an example:

In the example above, we define a Welcome function component that takes a name prop and…